Anemia of Chronic Disease

Anemia of chronic disease is anemia, or a decreased hemoglobin level, that accompanies a chronic disease. Any type of chronic disease of more than 1 or 2 months duration can cause anemia. Inflammatory, infectious, or malignant conditions can cause anemia. Anemia of chronic disease is associated most frequently with rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), endocarditis, lung abscess, chronic osteomyelitis, malignant tumors, and lymphoma.

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