STarT Back Screening Tool
Keele University, Arthritis Research UK and their affiliates designed the STarT Back Screening Tool (Tool) for use by health care providers. The Tool was designed to be used by clinicians to aid the clinical reasoning processes of a health care practitioner, including consideration of Red Flags. Whilst any development of the STarT Back App (App) can be used by the general public, the Tool was not designed for use by the general public and the results should be interpreted in consultation with a health care practitioner. Validity of the Tool has been established for paper versions of the questionnaire, not for the electronic versions in the App. Users are referred to the App bibliography for scientific papers relating to validity and utility of the Tool. Keele University and Arthritis Research UK do not endorse or recommend any of the service providers or third parties who may support or develop the App or the Tool in any way.